Stem cells are the main cells which comprise of all tissues and organs in our body. Stem cells have vital part in regeneration and growing up from embryonic period which emerges with fertilization of egg and sperm cells to human death.
The first steps of hair transplantation were taken with the method of scalping head skin and grafting it to another region in the 19th century. Hair plantation (restoration) is now performed with highly technological methods. Japan had studied on modern hair transplantation methods in 1930s; however, these studies came out quite late because Japan had been isolated from the world for many years. The process publicly known as hair plantation is medically named as hair transplantation or restoration. This procedure is now carried out by transferring the hair follicles taken from the nape region into the area with hair loss.
FUT and FUE methods are the most common procedures in hair transplantation. Successful results are obtained in the long term with non-surgical hair transplantation treatments such as the Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) method. FUE is the method of extracting individual follicular units from the donor site (located in the back part of the head between the ears) and transferring them into the canals on the recipient site (mostly frontal areas with hair loss). In the FUE method, the amount of transplanted hair is less than the FUT method and the procedure may take relatively a longer time. However, stitch scars caused by the FUT method are out of question in the FUE method.
Baldness, which has been one of the biggest problems of men since past, is tried to be prevented with new technologies and discoveries. Hair cloning technique that is accepted as one of the latest Technologies had great repercussions in the medical world; it is possible to produce thousands of hair follicles by cloning a single hair follicle with this technique. In this technique, the hair follicle taken from the nape area is multiplied in laboratory. Duplicated hair follicles are transplanted into the areas with baldness or hair loss with microsurgery under local anesthesia. After the plantation, the patient is kept under observation and taken care of.
PRP stands for Platelet Rich Plasma. This application is used to treat disorders such as skin rejuvenation, scalp repair, wrinkles and skin stains. This technique uses stem cells for treatment; the blood taken from the patient is spun in a centrifuge and red blood cells and plasmas are separated from each other. The obtained platelet rich plasma (PRP) is then injected into the scalp by mesotherapy and the stem cells are allowed to multiply and grow.
Hair loss is a common problem in men and women. Even the people having a healthy hair structure may experience hair loss because of anemia, stress and lack of nutrition. Disease-related hair loss can be stopped with medical treatments; however, hair loss without a reason could become a big problem for people. Today, hair loss can be stopped with mesotherapy method and hair quality can be increased.
Eyelash transplantation is a microsurgical procedure applied under local anesthesia. The hair follicles taken from the nape region using the FUE technique are transferred to the eyelash. This procedure can be performed by taking hair follicles from different parts of the body, but the research results have shown that the hair follicles extracted from the nape region provide the most ideal results. Eyelash transplantation takes about 2 hours. After the treatment, people can continue their work and social life on the same day.
Moustache and beard are important for men just as hair is so important for women. Beard and moustache are the details that give a new expression to the face; these details can completely change the image of a person. Beard and moustache transplant is carried out with the FUE technique for men suffering from this problem. The FUE technique is a method of extracting hair follicles through fine-tipped needles and transplanting these follicles into the site lacking hair. This technique is based on individual follicle extraction and transplantation; after the treatment, no scar is seen either in the donor site or in the recipient site.
There are some points that should be taken into consideration after hair transplantation treatment. The treatment is completed in one or several-day applications depending on the patient’s needs thanks to the technology. After the operation performed under local anesthesia, the patient can take pain reliever pills in order to have a more comfortable recovery process. The patient can return to his/her daily life after 1 day of rest on average.
The main factor determining the price of hair transplantation treatment is the number of transplanted hair follicles. After determining the number of hair follicles, pricing may vary from clinic to clinic. Clinics may price these applications according to the differences such as experience and service quality. Across the world, Turkey is one of the countries where the cheapest treatments are applied. Our country has come a long way in hair transplantation and similar applications in terms of health tourism.
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